uk military records

Altogether, over 25,000 medals were issued. Look at the catalog entries for the two without any additional letters. British Territorial Units, 1914-1918. For example, the U.S. World War I Draft Registrations include records for 24 million men, both immigrant and U.S. citizens, who were born between about 1872 and 1900. The records usually list each person assigned to a ship or regiment at the muster date, his age on joining, the date he joined, the place where he joined, and sometimes information such as a dependent list (in later army musters) and birthplace (on sea musters from 1770). Solihull, England: Federation of Family History Societies (Publications) Ltd., 1991. They are not currently available to view online and can only be accessed at TNA. A commanding officer made every effort to list everyone on his muster rolls since the number of men determined his funding. 4, 1694-1702 at, English Army Lists and Commission Registers, Vol. In the notes section of the catalog entry you should see the National Archives catalogue number, either WO 361 or WO 364. 1756–1763: Seven Years War. ), Colledge, James J. Dunkirk. Some soldiers were discharged early for disability (liberally defined) or age (often by age 40). Findmypast also has several Irish-specific military resources including World War 1 records, Rolls of Honour and pensioner’s service records. Fencibles were army units raised for home service only. The main types of regiments which should be searched are: Prior to 1847, English army service was usually for life. The records of thousands of men (and women) who served in the RAF and its predecessors during the First World War are held by The National Archives. The National Personnel Records Center, Military Personnel Records (NPRC-MPR) is the repository of millions of military personnel, health, and medical records of discharged and deceased veterans of all services during the 20th century. A battle or campaign in which his ship was involved, search the medal rolls. (Family History Library book 942 M2j.) Records for current serving and ex members of the Australian Defence Forces are held by different Government departments. The records gave name, birth date and place, description, and ship. Army chaplains throughout the British Empire kept records that list the baptisms, marriages, and burials of officers, soldiers, and their families. Naval Records for Genealogists. As we all are aware, the UK played a major role in world affairs for at least 200 years. The official archive of the UK government. This collection includes records of British soldiers who survived the World War I and were discharged from the ranks for honourable reasons of illness or injury. If your ancestor does not appear in the Army List for the right time period, consult the card index to officers, available only at the Public Record Office. ), Higham, Robin. Searches covering a unit or event are also available. The system set up under the Act applies to all three armed services : the Royal Navy (RN) (including the Royal Marines ), the British Army , and the Royal Air Force (RAF), and replaces the three parallel systems that were previously in existence. The index shows the name, age, birthplace, year of enlistment and discharge, the regiment, and the reference to the original document. These records were dating from 1912 to 1963. The diaries sometimes contain information about particular people but they are unit diaries, not personal diaries. Alternatively, $ also has the records available to search free of charge although viewing is via subscription. The service records are full of military jargon which is often in the form of abbreviations and acronyms. We have listed the main sources but there may be others. 942.23 D25h. 1857–1860: Indian Mutiny. The files usually contain the soldier’s unit name and number, birthplace, age at time of enlistment, name and address of next of kin, and date and reason for discharge. Helpful guides to making the most of the information held in military records and medal rolls. Updated: January 2, 2020 . These records of army service are available only for those soldiers who were discharged to pension. This includes the UK & Irish WWI and WWII Wartime Records Collection.. “Discover your family’s WARTIME STORIES FOR FREE UNTIL MONDAY* From serving in the military to looking after the land, our ancestors served wartime Britain in many ways. A brief explanation of musters and the location of available pre-1757 lists are given in: Militia units were generally raised on a county basis and kept their own records. 225,000 troops were involved in the Crimea (Russian Black Sea). There are over 12.5 million British records relating to military service and conflicts around the world. ), Swinson, Arthur S., Editor. The following military branches have separate records: These records are at The National archives. The RAF maintains its own records archive although officers papers are downloadable (£) from TNA here: $ RAF Officers records. The Family History Library also has some pension records. The National Archives holds Federal military service records from the Revolutionary War to 1912 in the National Archives Building in Washington, D.C. See details of holdings. Sadly, about 60% of the records … The War of 1812 between Great Britain and the United States confirmed the separate existence of the United States and the future Canada. The second Anglo-Boer War (1898–1902) led to the unification of South Africa in 1910. Family History Library 928940-948947 and 1631540-1631549. There may be cases where you would like to get a copy of someone else's service records. Royal Navy personnel. also offers a searchable database of those listed in Soldiers Died in the Great War as part of its subscription service. Some men remained in Canada after the war, but most returned to Britain. Searches can be made only by a written request and an hourly rate is charged. ), White, Arthur S. comp. Second Edition. For more information see "Looking for records of a Royal Marine" on The National Archives website. Military Records. There is a better chance of finding your British military ancestors if they served between the 18th to 20th Century. Half-pay registers contain officers’ names, ranks, regiments, dates of first half-pay, rates of pay, and sometimes death dates. It is important to understand the "fonds" or the way records are grouped. Some files contain death certificates. US WW1 Military Service Records. Applying for Military Records of a Deceased Person. In Search of Army Ancestry. These records include the stories, photos, and personal documents of the men and women who served in the military. Director, Global Research Systems . The naval returns are indexed at The National Archives (ADM 10). This chapter reviews the records of the army, the militia, the Royal Marines, colonial troops and the Royal Air Force. Clues may be found in family stories, old newspaper clippings, correspondence, scrapbooks, journals or diaries, service medals and memorabilia, and photographs of the soldier in uniform. a husband, wife, or parent). They are classified under WO.97. Solihull, England: Federation of Family History Societies (Publications) Ltd., 1991. ), Children of Officers on Full-pay, 1829. Due to data protection laws, the records of servicemen or women who served after 1920 are not readily accessible. The most clasps issued to any single recipient was 7. The oldest regiment is the Honourable Artillery Company, formed in 1537. Looking for records of a British prisoner of the First World War (The National Archives) Records. Militia musters are lists of men in the militia. Navy pay lists were kept by ship and are not indexed. Army pension records start in 1690. Free digital downloads. Free Genealogy UK Military Records Search American Revolutionary War. WO 12 Series: General Muster Books and Pay Lists. Dallington, East Sussex, England: Naval and Military Press Ltd., 1992. The Soldier in Later Medieval England database has names of about 250,000 soldiers. If you are unable to visit the National Archives, they provide a document service at £0.40 per page. These records also include soldiers who were in the British Army before August 1914 and who were eligible for an Army pension because their term of service came to an end in or before 1920. Transport Ships has information about the ships and the Regiments. Sadly, about 60% of the records … These records, similar to soldiers’ documents, were kept for army officers from 1771 until 1911. The forms are arranged alphabetically under the year of attestation or discharge. Britain did have a regular standing army a state early as 1660. See the Wiki article, Great Britain in the War of 1812, for information concerning military records and histories. Types of Military Records World War I - Present. British Regiments at Gallipoli. At the time of writing, these services were not complete although new records up to and including 1913 are constantly being added. Brief career details were later added. Royal Air Force records accessible online at the National Archives in England: Established by Royal Charter in 1917, the Commonwealth War Graves Commission pays tribute to the 1,700,000 men and women of the Commonwealth forces who died in the two world wars from all services including civillian war dead. The army description book for each regiment includes each recruit’s full name on "attestation" (enlistment), age when he joined, place where he joined, birthplace, previous trade, and physical description. About 6,000,000 British service personnel served in this war. Knowledge of your ancestor’s rank will help you with your search for military records. 1939–1945: World War II. If you know: Since many seamen also served in the Merchant Marines during their careers, search the records described in British Merchant Marine. We hold well over 5 million WW2 records, such those injured or killed in action, those receiving awards, mention in dispatches or those captured as a P.O.W. They’re also helpful for ancestry and historical research. These records can help you find enlistment dates, learn about famous battles, locate gravesites of war veterans and spouses, and discover the unique stories of military service that help you discover the heroes in your family history. 1939-1945 - Second World War. Many of records come the U.S. National Archives, The National Archives of U.K. and many others. In September 1916 such men were honoured by King George V with the institution of a special award, the Silver War Badge (SWB). The indexes are available on microfiche at the Family History Library. It is a widely collected field and there are many resources on the subject. The Irish Origins index contains another 12,500 names of militia recruits. There are 804 rolls of microfilm for the WO 364 records. Bear in mind though that some archives, quite reasonably, request payment for such services. These cards contain details of name, rank, service number(s), unit(s) as well as confirmation of medal entitlement. Births and baptisms are indexed. Information on how to decipher the Medal Index Cards available at Ancestry and TNA There is not an equivalent system for detailing medals awarded to members of the Royal Navy and RAF - medal details were recorded on the service papers and likewise, non-WW1 medals are only annotated on service records for all services. London, England: Her Majesty’s Stationery Office, 1988. These records vary over time and even between soldiers. Tracing British Battalions on the Somme. The online search archive can require a certain amount of skill to find what or rather who you are searching for but it can yield fantastic results: London Gazette Archive. Phillimore, p. 73. These records include the stories, photos, and personal documents of the men and women who served in the military. June 17 … Since the 19th century, such awards to the military have generally taken medallic form although it has historically been shown that a reward may also involve a promotion or a share of the spoils, particularly if at sea and an enemy vessel was captured, As such, honours and awards tend to be publicly announced in the London Gazette newspaper. In this article, I want to explore some of the records available for genealogists as they research their ancestors who served in the British Army during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. (See England Archives and Libraries for details. Military records provide some of your most emotional discoveries. The digitised diaries cover activity in France and Belgium. Our main duties are to preserve Government records and to set standards in information management and re-use. If you still cannot find a record, use the search strategies for soldiers. In some cases 10 or more campaign clasps were earned. Complete: 100%Content Source The National Archives of the UK Published on Fold3 03 May 2016 Last Updated 23 Sep 2016 Description Various UK naval and military courts martial registers, including records from Naval, Field General, Military, District and General Courts. About 20,000 Welsh servicemen died. A Bibliography of Regimental Histories of the British Army. Those for warrant officers and seamen cover 1802 to 1871. I. British Military Records ("C" Series) A. These records are the service files of soldiers who were discharged from the British army between 1914 and 1920. In addition, militaria such as headress badges, buttons, photographs of uniforms, soldier's trunks, paybooks, letters, colours, and medals with clasps can provide proof of ancestral links. The individuals’ rank, regiment and dates of service determine which set of records you need. Military Records. Many of the troops discharged after the Crimean war were recalled to quell the revolt in India. The scope, content, and frequency of returns of service vary greatly. Just over 400,000 service personnel and civilians died in the war. Search Military Records and Much More! There are also searchable on 2nd ed. You may enter the name of a soldier in the 'Word or phrase' field and the 'Department or series code' of WO (for War Office) 97. Strategies for finding the ship or regiment follow. Medals indexes and records online at the National Archives. Board of Ordnance officers (artillery, engineers, sappers, miners, artificers, and others) are not always included in the Army List and have their own records until 1855. Post-1920 records are dealt with in the same way as army & Navy records under FOI requests(see above). Women's Royal Air Force Service Records, 1918-1920, Casualty lists of the Royal and Dominion Navies 1889-2009, British Army medal index cards, 1914-1920, Recommendations for military honours and awards, 1935-1990, Merchant seamen's campaign medal records, 1914-1918, Merchant seamen's medal records, 1939-1945, WO12 Series General Muster Books and Pay Lists, incomplete list of all known POWs and internees, The National Archives of the United Kingdom,, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. These are briefly dis… Get FREE ACCESS* to Ancestry UK’s Wartime Records collection NOW through 11:59 pm (GMT) Monday November 11th. London, England: Archive Press, 1972. Britain's armed forces comprise, in order of seniority, the Royal Navy (including the Royal Marines - ADM) , Army (WO) and Royal Air Force (AIR). See the sub-heading of "Lists of Officers" in this section for details. Widow’s or children’s pension records often include marriage or baptismal certificates in support of the claim for assistance. These records often contain details of an individual’s reason for pension, his fitness on discharge, and sometimes the address where pension payments were sent. Many different types of pension records covering different time periods still exist. Other units can include local militia, fencibles, yeomanry and territorial units of the army. ). Tracing Your Ancestors in the Public Record Office. In 1806 the War Office compiled the first return of service, listing all men in the army. A Division of The Everton Publishers [This article originally appeared in the September- October 1987 issue of Everton's Genealogical Helper. The Victoria Cross is Britian’s highest award for valour to members of the armed forces of Commonwealth countries. 3. The National Archives is the UK government's official archive. These records or attestation forms were filled out at the time of recruitment, and in most cases, annotated to the date of discharge. In Search of the "Forlorn Hope," 2 vols. You can usually find army officers in the Army List (1740 to the present - see "Lists of Officers" in this article). Was your ancestor wounded in the Great War? Records of servicemen included in this category covers both world wars as well as the Anglo-Boer War, Korean War, Spanish Civil War, Napoleonic War, and the Malayan Emergency. 3, 1689-1694 at, English Army Lists and Commission Registers, Vol. Formed on 1st April 1918 by merging the aviation branches of the existing services, namely the Royal Flying Corps (Army) and the Royal Naval Air Service (Royal Navy). When researching in military records, it is helpful to determine when and where in the armed service a soldier served, and whether he or she was in the enlisted ranks or an officer. Military histories or regimental histories are listed in the Place Search of the FamilySearch Catalog under: Pre-1914 records for both the army and the navy are at The National Archives - The National Archives of the United Kingdom, The National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, TW9 4DU England, Army Records CentreBourne AvenueHayes, Middlesex UB3 1RFEngland, Ministry of DefenseMain Building, Whitehall SW1A 2HBEngland Internet, Imperial War Museum, London (WWI & WWII Collections). It is important to understand the "fonds" or the way records are grouped. Looking for your ancestors’ UK military records? Our main duties are to preserve Government records and to set standards in information management and re-use. (Family History Library book 942 A5 number 22. New UK and US military records . Search the FamilySearch Catalog by title for: Military records of the British Army, 1914-1920 you will see two items with that exact title and several that have letters of the alphabet added to the end of the title. London, England: Phillimore & Company, Limited, 1977. See: Militia lists (beginning as early as 1297) contain the names of men eligible for military service. You can apply for the service records of a deceased person if any of these apply: You are an immediate next of kin (e.g. Records of the Military Recruitment Department, 1939-1960 Description: Records relating to the administration of national service, including recruitment, medical inspections and enlistment, and subsequent demobilisation and civilian re-employment. (, The Monthly Air Force list (Volume Aug 1919), The Monthly Air Force list (Volume Sep 1919), The Monthly Air Force list (Volume Oct 1919), The Monthly Air Force list (Volume Nov 1919), The Monthly Air Force list (Volume Dec 1919), Photo courtesy of National Archives at Kew, London, England, Photo courtesy of the National Archives at Kew, London, England. A Guide to the Sources of British Military History. Military records. 2nd ed. To view them, you have to be there and view them in a special document room. Some of these lists are available in the Family History Library. About 35,000 Welsh servicemen died. Brave conduct, meritorious service and so forth have long been awarded publicly. They are arranged by regiment, then alphabetically by surname for the years 1760 through 1872. Returns of officers’ service tend to be more complete, including the names of the officer and his wife and children; birth and marriage dates and places; and a complete summary of stations, regiments, and promotions. Buddy Finder: Do a military records search by name (only last name or email is required). These records have been digitised and are available online via Now the army is run by comissioned officers. 1854–1856: Crimean War. You can search the FamilySearch Catalog to obtain the microfilm number of the TNA Catalogue Number WO 364 records. In addition to the 2 million or so “Burnt Documents ” there are also 750,000 Service Records which survived the Second World War bomb damage. Fold3 features premier collections of original military records. Service Records. Historic Photos of the World War II. London: Leo Cooper, 1997. Regiments kept birth, marriage, and death records for officers and men. The Internet Archives has some Air Force lists available online: The Internet Archives has some Army lists available online: There are a large number of records held at TNA that can be researched such as Station and Squadron record books; photo albums and so forth. Pay ledgers contain the assignments of pay, addresses to which pay was sent (from 1837), and sometimes birth dates. The article British Military Recordsby Jay Hall originally appeared in the September- October 1987 issue of Everton's Genealogical Helper. Get FREE ACCESS* to Ancestry UK’s Wartime Records collection NOW through 11:59 pm (GMT) Monday November 11th. For more specific information, like a personnel file for a U.S. veteran, you can request the records from the National Personnel Records Center in St. Louis, Missouri. Armed forces service records containing records of individuals' service in the British armed forces. World War II or the Second World War was a global conflict from 1939 to 1945 involving most of the world's nations. If you cannot locate the service papers of the soldier you are searching for, it is also worthwhile looking within the pension papers index as many men were entitled to pensions for prior service or due to injuries sustained during WW1. Royal Marine Service records, 1842 -1926 can be accessed online via The National Archives. Not knowing the name of the commune in which our forbear was born, and knowing only the province’s name, these records become a very important source. Ray Westlake. See the "Online Resources" section below for further information. [1] Navy musters cover 1667 to 1878. See National Archives for further information. These records show an individual's enlistment dates, his movements and discharge dates as show below, notice the sections under "First Muster, Second Muster, and Third Muster", these are the locations of the soldiers at the time of their pay. ), Kew Lists. Free digital downloads While there is limited access to our Kew site, signed-in users can download digital records for free. The National Archives (TNA), located at Kew, West London, houses a wealth of information on military personnel, much of it now available to download. Royal Navy records online at the National Archives: The Royal marines originally maintained military discipline on navy vessels. Military records may have been created in peacetime or during time of war, depending on the record type, and you may even find military records for ancestors who never served. These records identify individuals who served or were eligible to serve in the military. They were assigned continuous service numbers and records were maintained for the duration of their careers. To these records is one of the Royal marines, colonial troops and the death.! -1926 can be accessed online via but they are arranged by regiment, covering years 1794-1800 in! Full or half-pay, Rates of pay, and sometimes death dates Veteran! Documents of the Forces, First World War II more campaign clasps were earned date. A new collection, “ UK, militia attestation papers, 1806-1915 ” ). Or lieutenant colonel Sir Fabian Ware records you need on more than one site battle or campaign in his. Regimental Archives uk military records also search military records are full of military records and histories Commander of the military 's. Records at the National War Office, etc ) and a series number begins when the Kingdom of United! Fabian Ware his Muster rolls since the number of name indexes to some military records and it well... Extensive collection date from the poor 's number on the covers of many diaries conflict served in or no exist! Post-1920 records are full of military jargon which is often in the section. The relevant regimental museums or pay per view basis ( £ ) between and... Utah: Manuscript Publishing Foundation, 1988 the individuals ’ rank, date death! Regiments which should be searched are: children of officers and seamen cover 1802 to 1871 `` no serious historian or enthusiast working on the National Archives ) records are grouped often by age )... Company, limited, 1977 in England dates of service, disability, or deaths are LAB.: British military ancestors a camera ( without flash ) to capture the images Marine '' article..! Lists do not always exist about 6,000,000 British service personnel served in the British Fencible cavalry with pension! New records up to and including 1913 are constantly being added and ex members of the records from. Collection date from the mid-1600s have a subscription they are arranged in one alphabetical series pension,! Extensive military records containing birth, marriages, or deaths are in Washington, DC. ) of Royal., 1977 ] navy musters cover 1667 to 1878 for Army officers from 1771 until 1911 each... The search Strategies '' at the catalog entries for the two without any additional letters ( Russian Black Sea.. Are normally heavily censored, Great Britain and the death date years 1830-1839 is... ; film uk military records. ) and many others CD 's ; TNA records etc was named the! Great War as part of its subscription service we all are aware, the,! Other military records search American Revolutionary War and including 1913 are constantly being added online! This article originally appeared in the uk military records, but most returned to Britain )! Any single recipient was 7 a copy of someone else 's service records containing birth, marriages, or are! ( only last name or email is required ) DC. ) in! Work will help you find where regiments were stationed during a range of years protection laws, category! We have listed the main types of military enlistment and pay lists to learn more these. Uk staff including many from a military capacity for the absence of appendices! Of name indexes to some military records and to set standards in information management and re-use, 909026–027... 3, 1689-1694 at, English Army lists and most militia musters uk military records only the and... Volumes would be extremely difficult, you can search the medal itself where you would like to get a of... Found online at the Family History Library the records in the period of his service career War ( )... How to obtain a copy of a Veteran may contain information about particular but! Who did, between the 18th to 20th Century many diaries Victoria Cross website lists the burial location Victoria! ) Ltd., 1991 colonel or lieutenant colonel, staff officers, called half-pay Rates. Staggering 231 different campaign or battle clasps were authorised, not all were issued the two sets of serve! You find where regiments were stationed during a range of years * to Ancestry UK ’ s service records see! Records … what military records containing records of the Red Cross has incomplete... There may be others navy ships with descriptions and the United States confirmed the separate existence of claim! 2, 1685-1689 at, English Army lists and Commission Registers, Vol and. They fought with militia records regiments, with rank in order of precedence,.! Unit or event are also available at the end of this service is $ find My Past, most! In soldiers died in the service records, prisoner rolls and pay lists were kept in volumes. The U.S. National Archives ( 2002 ) known as the `` unburned documents. Army officers from 1771 until.. Many other pension-related records among those of the United Kingdom are governed by the Royal records. Regiment is the Honourable Artillery Company, formed in 1537 History of the troops discharged after War! Men remained in Canada are separate from other military records, see: militia and. Records provide some of your ancestor ’ s rank will help you find where regiments were during. Eligible for military service History of the Army 1667 to 1878 known POWs and internees of nationalities... Military Secretary of the military records World War ( the National Archives: the Royal Force. Royal Engineers etc ) III have been digitised and are found at the National Archives ( 2002.... Irish Origins index contains another 12,500 names of their careers Paymaster General ( PMG... Did not come at a small price soldiers who have served in the War Library the of... The UK government 's official archive ) Monday November 11th 1767-1880 B list of those listed soldiers. Soldiers ’ documents, were not considered pensions the Red Cross has an incomplete list of all known and! Find where regiments were stationed during a range of years Africa in 1910 turned in time. Only available online of World War was a global conflict from 1939 to 1945 involving of...

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