functions of religion as a social institution

In modern world, religion has also become a supporting psychology—a form of psychotherapy. Generally, religion is regarded as an impediment in the path of social change but many religious groups, by criticizing existing rules of social morality and social injustice, and community or government actions, help in bringing about social change. Religion, in its prophetic function, provides individuals with an unshakable foundation of social criticism which later on becomes the basis for social change. Religion as Emotional Support 6. The social cohesion is developed through rituals such as reciting prayer in the honour of God, institutions of worship (church, temple, mosque, etc. Disclaimer 9. - Toleration and freedom of religion in Canada has people from many different religions We tend to think of religion in individual terms because religious beliefs and values are highly personal for many people. Religious functions: the family is the center for religious training of the children who learn from their parents all about religious virtues. The Family Institutions, Political Institutions, Educational Institutions, Religious Institutions etc. Though inhabitants and citizens of a ‘modern’ society, many remain traditional in their religious and moral outlook. Education instill and transmit the social norms values and beliefs into the next generation. 4. According to Max Weber (1930), religion may be used to explain, justify or rationalize the exercise of power. Family as a social institution try to keep alive the culture. Durkheim also emphasized that besides acting as an integrating force, religion also reinforces social control in oppressive society. In primitive and tradi­tional societies and even some sections of modern societies, despite all-round attack over it, religion is a pervasive matter, and religious beliefs and rites play an important part in the activities of various kinds of groups—from family to occupational groups. It is this forces which keeps the functioning and the body itself normal, stabilized and maintains equilibrium. Even in societies not as visibly ruled by religious dogma, religion legitimates the political sector. Various virtues like Idol worship and Pooja are taught to a child. It provides sacred sanction for the social order and for its basic values and meanings. As Kingsley Davis (1949) noted, ‘Like other medicines, it (religion) can sometimes make worse the very thing it seeks to remedy. Karl Marx viewed religion as a tool used by capitalist societies to perpetuate inequality. It already existed in village India and other places in the form of shamans, priests and magicians (shamans are treated as super-humans endowed with supernatural powers in some tribal societies). Religious beliefs and practices involve the sacred: they involve things our senses cannot readily observe, and they involve things that inspire in us awe, reverence, and even fear. A religion is that institution which studies, practices and believes the existence of God and the mystery of life and death. Marx regarded religion as a source of false consciousness among the proletariat, which prevents the 'class for itself' from developing. Religion as a Source of Identity 8. The structure of an institution can be understood by understanding the force of human relationships. Functionalists suggest that religion is a requirement for society and individual both because it serves both manifest and latent functions. Content Guidelines 2. Such a hopeful perception helps the sufferer in alleviating his/her personal and social crisis. Children adopt basic knowledge about religion within the family. In simpler terms, religion keeps people away from seeing their lives and societal conditions in political terms. 2. Describe the difference between sacred beliefs and profane beliefs. It is the opiate of the people.’ Whereas Marx had seen religion as a consequence of the economy, Weber believed that religion helped to shape a new economic system. Religion offers consolation to oppressed peoples also by giving them hope that they can achieve salvation and eternal happiness in the afterlife. An element of society and for individuals, Trans. ), is... Sexuality is an important role in legitimating the existing social structure ritual,! Defeats, personal losses and unjust treatments by patterns of behaviour to persist in society and both. Body itself normal, stabilized and maintains equilibrium marx viewed religion as humane. 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