big leaf maple tree facts

It looks terrific in any season. It is a spreading tree with a rounded head and may grow nearly as wide as it is tall. The leafstalks are long and slender, and the blades palmately veined, meaning each has … The shape is often rounded at maturity. Most maples are trees growing to 10–45 meters (33–148 feet) height. In the spring, greenish-yellow flower clusters emerge before or with the leaves. vine maple, Acer circinatum, and mountain maple, A. spicatum). The big leaf maple tree can grow to be about 119 feet tall. View All. Maples found in Canada range from trees 40 metres or more tall (e.g., bigleaf maple, Acer macrophyllum) to shrubs less than 10 metres high (e.g. Big-Leaf Maples may live to be 200 years old. Licorice Fern and Mosses on Big Leaf Maple. But they can grow up to 40-50 metres (131-164 feet) tall. The images in this post are from a stand of trees growing along the Multnomah Falls visitor trail that leads up to a bridge at the base of the main water fall (except for the leaf picture above which is from a young tree that I found on Mount Tabor Park in Portland). Big-Leaf Maple                                                                                The Maple Family–Aceraceae. Its alternate name water maple explains its nature of growing near water bodies. Like sugar maple, bigleaf maple has sweet sap that can be made into syrup. Maple Trees. See more Bigleaf Maple facts in the Find Out More section. The trunk can grow to … Bigleaf maple may invade gaps created by windthrow of climax tree species, such as western redcedar on floodplains and colluvial sites and retain its presence in old-growth stands. There are about 128 species of maple trees in the Acer plant genus. Big leaf Maple allergy is Pollen. Like sugar maple, bigleaf maple has sweet sap that can be made into syrup. Maple trees are commonly found in gardens and their sap on our dining tables, in form of Maple syrup. The sugar maple tree may grow to a height of 40 metres (130 feet). Aibika allergies are Not Available. *All photographs on this site were taken by Dana, Edmund or Sky Bressette unless otherwise noted. The largest maple trees are the big leaf maple trees. In British Columbia, bigleaf maple grows occasionally in even-aged, pure stands, but most commonly in early and intermediate stages of secondary succession mixed with conifers or hardwoods. The trunk can grow to be more than 3 feet (1m) in diameter. Big leaf maple has been a highly valued tree throughout the ages. A commonly found maple tree in the United States, the silver maple is also known in many other names, like river maple, creek maple, silver leaf maple, soft maple, water maple, and white maple. Propagation:  Seeds do not store well. Comments: Bigleaf maple is appropriately named, as its leaves (illustrated below) are the largest of any maple, commonly reaching an overall width of 6 to 12 inches (15-30 cm) across. There are many such maple tree facts that are mentioned in the following article. It frequently grows in clumps of 3-5, all originating from a single stump. The name silver maple is derived from the silvery underside of its leaves. Its leaves are also the biggest on any maple tree, reaching 12 to 24 inches across. Sprouted seeds were also eaten. 11 of 17. The tree is also known as the scarlet maple, the swamp maple, and the water maple. Big Leaf Maple is a soil building species, meaning that it improves the soil conditions where it grows. Growing Conditions: Full Sun, Partial Shade. North America is home to about a dozen. Once established, it will have some drought resistance. The Bigleaf Maple. When you see a tree covered with moss, you can be pretty sure it is probably a Big-Leaf Maple! Variety 'Alice' has pinkish branches with thin white stripes. *Don't provide personal information . in DBH (133 in. Hello, I am your COVID-19 digital assistant. The leaves of Bigleaf maple are lobed with 5 to 7 lobes. Most are from eastern Asia. In some individuals of bigleaf maple, the grain patterns are unsurpassed, even by walnut, suggesting a potential for use in furniture. Bigleaf Maple. Big leaf maple wood is used in house construction, cradle boards, bowls, spoons, and other implements. Double samaras ripen September to October; most are dispersed by wind between October and January. Bigleaf maple is a medium-sized (<30 m tall), deciduous, broad-leaved tree, at maturity with a broad, rounded crown, often curved stem (in the open, the stem soon divides into a few large spreading and ascending branches), and grayish-brown bark which is shallowly furrowed into narrow scaly ridges. About the Bigleaf Maple trees of British Columbia, Canada. Big Leaf Maple is a soil building species, meaning that it … The Sycamore maple (A. pseudoplatanus), an important shade and timber tree in… tree. The greenish-yellow flower clusters make a tasty garnish for salads. The leaves grow in pairs opposite one another at the stem nodes. This is the general shape and outline of the Bigleaf maple. It is often 10-15 degrees cooler under a big maple tree. They are best sown as soon as they are ripe outside or in a cold frame. The red color of its leaves, in autumn, makes it an attractive tree that will certainly stand out on any property. Maples vary radically in size. ive Plants Network, Propagation Protocol Database, Western Maidenhair Fern, Adiantum aleuticum. Bigleaf maple mostly occurs in maritime climates of southwestern BC, where it grows predominantly on colluvial slopes or alluvial landforms. A typical leaf is dark green and shiny on top and can be 12 to 24 inches in size (30.5 cm - … Douglas squirrels will cache the seeds. Maple is also a friendly tree and gets along with its neighbors well. 12 of 17. Questions about the collection of information can be directed to the Manager of Corporate Web, Government Digital Experience Division. Maples are popular ornamental trees and there are many cultivated varieties. Habitat: Although Big-Leaf Maple will grow on drier sites, it is often found along stream banks and does best on similarly moist sites—its leaves will grow bigger and more impressive when growing in moist, shady areas. The Amur maple is one of the smaller trees in the Acer genus. The Klallam People infused the bark for sore throats and turberculosis. The two most common maples are the sugar maple (Acer saccharum) and the red maple (Acer rubrum). Germination occurs in late winter or spring. The wood was extremely popular for carving both artwork and useful items such as dishes and paddles. Grow it because: Snakebark maple becomes more colorful with age. Along with the color of its leaves, the buds, seeds, and new branches of the red maple also have a … Diagnostic Characters: Big-Leaf Maple is easily recognizable by its large 5-lobed leaves–often 12-inches (30cm) across, but sometimes much smaller– 6” (15cm). Acer macrophyllum - Big Leaf Maple This broad-topped native, a dense shade tree, needs room for its 30-60 feet height and spread. This maple tree loves full-sun, and even partial-shade conditions. From the little 8-foot (2.5 m.) Japanese maple to the towering sugar maple that can reach heights of 100 feet (30.5 m.) or more, the Acer family offers a tree just the right size for every situation. The diameter of the truck is between 36-48 inches (90 cm -120 cm). In autumn, the leaves turn vibrant shades of gold and orange. Flower clusters are often found on the ground after they have been nibbled on by squirrels. As the moss-layer thickens and begins to decompose enough soil is sometimes created for tree seedlings to germinate. https://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/tree/acemac/all.html Names: Big-Leaf Maple, sometimes called Oregon Maple, derives both its common name and its scientific name, macrophyllum, from the fact that it can have leaves up to 12 inches across–the largest of any maple! It can grow well under the towering Douglas Fir, and it grows equally well side by side with the Oregon White Oak. Seeds and seedlings need to be protected from rodents, slugs and other, herbivores. Our response to COVID-19 | Province-wide restrictions. In most fall seasons the leaves of bigleaf maple turn brown, but during a sunny autumn, the leaves turn yellow - never red. Zones: 5–9. The Bigleaf Maple is the largest maple in Canada, growing to an average height of 12-24 metres (40-80 feet) tall. It is a pioneer species (primary succession) on talus and floodplains, and is present in second-growth stands on upland sites. Name: Acer pectinatum Forrestii. Considering its wildlife and aesthetic values and soil improvement capacity, it is a useful short-term or even a long-term, minor admixture in coniferous stands, such as common douglas stands, in southwestern B.C. By: Jackie Carroll Printer Friendly Version. The leaf margin is smooth. Burls are used for clocks and tabletops. Bigleaf maple is second to red alder among native hardwood species in abundance and in commercial importance in the Pacific Northwest. Phenology:  Bloom Period:  March to June before the leaves appear. Bigleaf maple is a medium-sized (<30 m tall), deciduous, broad-leaved tree, at maturity with a broad, rounded crown, often curved stem (in the open, the stem soon divides into a few large spreading and ascending branches), and grayish-brown bark which is shallowly furrowed into narrow scaly ridges. In some areas it can be invasive, so check first with your local extension office before planting. The leaves are up to 40 cm (15.75 in) in diameter. In autumn, the leaves turn vibrant shades of gold and orange. The Oregon, or bigleaf, maple (A. macrophyllum) provides commercially valuable wood darker than that of other maples; it shows bright-orange fall foliage. How To Identify Maple Trees: Facts About Maple Tree Types. It typically grows 30-75 feet (10-25m) in cultivation but can grow more than 100 feet (30m) tall. Some used the bark for making rope. The seeds are the typical paired, winged samaras or “helicopter seeds” of maple trees. Red maple trees grow about 36 inches each year and can grow up to 120 feet tall, though they average about 40 to 50 feet. Huge leaves, six to twelve inches across, are bright green in spring, and look like solidified sunshine in autumn. Deer and small mammals eat seedlings and saplings. The wood can be used for smoking meat or fish and as fuel. The leaves were used for containers or in cooking pits. Relationships: There are nearly 150 species of maples worldwide. Big Leaf Maple Trees typically grow between 50-110 feet (15m -33.5 m) tall. In fall, the leaves turn yellow, turning brown after falling, creating a carpet of large, brown leaves persisting through the winter. Distribution of Big-leaf Maple from USGS ( “Atlas of United States Trees” by Elbert L. Little, Jr. ). The Comfort Maple is an enormous and strangely shaped sugar maple tree which is believed to be at least 500 years old, the oldest maple tree in Canada. Allergic reaction to it can cause serious harm to human health. Bigleaf maple is … It was called “paddle tree” by many tribes. Please don’t enter any personal information. The seeds may also be soaked for 24 hours or warm stratified for 1-2 months, then cold stratified at 40ºF (4ºC) for 2-6 months. In the Landscape: Although this tree may be too big for a small yard, it is impressive in larger yards and parks. Growth: Big-Leaf Maple grows rapidly when young, more slowly as it ages. It is a spreading tree with a rounded head and may grow nearly as wide as it is tall. The Big Leaf Maple tree (Acer macrophyllum) is one of the few Maple tree species that grow native in the Northwestern United States. Employment, business and economic development, Birth, adoption, death, marriage and divorce, Birth, adoption, death and marriage reports, Environmental protection and sustainability, Emergency Preparedness, Response & Recovery, Timber Supply Review & Allowable Annual Cut, Working in the forestry sector during COVID-19, moderately shade-tolerant in the early development stage, not a major concern in mesothermal climates, like red alder, responds to drought by shedding its leaves, common on wet sites, floodplains, and sites with a strongly fluctuating water table, snowfall is low in submontane, maritime, cool mesothermal climates, high winds will break the boles rather than uproot trees, Browsing by deer and elk is not a major risk, Associated tree species and successional role. It typically grows 30-75 feet (10-25m) in cultivation but can grow more than 100 feet (30m) tall. Its deeply ridged bark creates and ideal habitat for epiphytes (plants that grow on trees without soil), including many species of mosses and lichens as well as the Licorice Fern, Polypodium glycyrrhiza. The very young shoots are a nice spring snack that can be eaten straight or added to salads. This majestic tree is made even more interesting by the life it supports. The maple tree leaf has been adapted as the national arboreal emblem of Canada. The \"Embers\" and \"Flame\" varieties have especially vibrant fall colors in both leaves and fruit. Enter your email address if you would like a reply: The information on this form is collected under the authority of Sections 26(c) and 27(1)(c) of the Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy Act to help us assess and respond to your enquiry. Click or tap to ask a general question about COVID-19. Another interesting trait of these maples is that they can grow new and multiple big branches if the tree is damaged, even if the tree is broken or cut down. Image by robertnowland. Wetland designation: FACU, Facultative upland, it usually occurs in non-wetland but is occasionally found in wetlands. Growth: Big-Leaf Maple grows rapidly when young, more slowly as it ages. Many of the root systems are typically dense and fibrous, inhibiting the growth of other vegetation underneath them. Aibika and Big leaf Maple allergy should be known before planting these plants. With more than 128 species of maple in the world, it shouldn’t come as … It effectively creates a shady and cool environment beneath its leafy branches, an ideal place for a picnic on a hot, summer day. the minimum age for seed crops is about 10 years, potential for natural regeneration in low light, higher, providing the presence of exposed mineral soil and if considering vegetative reproduction, potential for natural regeneration in the open, providing the presence of exposed mineral soil, up to 5 m in one growing season from stump sprouts, response of advance regeneration to release, advance regeneration does not develop in the absence of adequate light and seedbeds, light conditions beneath closed-canopy, mature stands, associates with well developed moss and herb layers, site index functions are not available; probably similar to red alder. Use by people: Natives found this tree very useful. As the name implies, the leaves of the Big Leaf Maple are, in fact, oversized. Big-Leaf Maple branches are often draped with mosses. View Product Details View Product Details COMMON HACKBERRY QUICK FACTS BIG LEAF MAPLE QUICK FACTS Zone: 2b Zone: 5a Height: 25 m (82 ft) … It is also the most vigorous tree in the forest. photo by Nancy Sefton. We have three native maple species in the Pacific Northwest:  Big-Leaf Maple and two more shrubby cousins, Vine Maple, Acer circinatum, and Douglas Maple, Acer glabrum. WTU Herbarium Image Collection, Plants of Washington, Burke Museum, E-Flora BC, Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia, USDA Forest Service-Fire Effects Information System, Virginia Tech ID Fact Sheet + Landowner Fact Sheet, Native Plants Network, Propagation Protocol Database, Native American Ethnobotany, University of Michigan, Dearborn. Big leaf Maple in Fall is usually yellow, but sometimes tinged with orange. Its wood is used for furniture, flooring, interior paneling, and musical instruments. photo by Nancy Sefton. HOME. It is the only western maple that reaches commercial size, yet its potential as a commercial species has not been fully recognized.Size, Longevity, and FormMature bigleaf maple trees range from 50 to 100 ft in height (160 ft maximum) and 12 to 36 in. Bigleaf maple (Acer macrophyllum) Return to our Trees of Canada resource here: ... Tree Canada is a registered charity. B.C. Use by Wildlife: The seeds, buds and flowers of Big-Leaf Maple are a favorite food of many small mammals and birds. The pleasant shape and large leaves make this maple a striking and attractive tree. **Use of articles and photos on this site is permitted for educational purposes only. Acer macrophyllum, the bigleaf maple or Oregon maple, is a large deciduous tree in the genus Acer. The trunk diverges into numerous long, thick vertical limbs. has declared a state of emergency. Bigleaf maple is a commercially important hardwood timber for the United States’ west coast, where it is virtually the only commercial maple species in the region. Allergy is a major factor which should be most necessarily considered while searching Big leaf Maple facts. The pleasant shape and large leaves make this maple a striking and attractive tree. The petiole is long and red. Size and Shape of the Big Leaf Maple This tree can be anywhere from 20 feet to 100 feet tall and wide depending on the environment. Considering its productivity, easy regeneration, and low risk of being affected by damaging agents, bigleaf maple is a suitable species for intensive management on some coastal sites (e.g., skeletal alluvial fans, fragmental colluvial slopes, stream-edge sites, and floodplains). Here on Vancouver Island, the Bigleaf Maple is the largest and most common maple tree. The trees live anywhere from 50 … Maples are generally deciduous, with light-coloured, straight-grained wood. The flowers are yellow to light green in long clusters and appear before the tree leafs out. Bigleaf maple is a perennial tre Other popular varieties of maple trees for gardens are the Amur Maple (Acer ginnala), Big Leaf Maple (Acer macrophyllum), and the Hedge Maple tree (Acer campestre). Big Leaf Maple has a broad, rounded crown and the largest leaves of all the maples. And what about Maple Syrup? Comments will be sent to 'servicebc@gov.bc.ca'. Commercially, the wood is mostly used for making veneers for furniture, but is also used for musical instruments and interior paneling. Size: 15–20 feet tall, 15 feet wide. While knowing Big leaf Maple and Aibika Facts, a major factor which should be taken into consideration is 'plant allergy'. , A. spicatum ) its neighbors well stem nodes '' varieties have especially vibrant fall big leaf maple tree facts in both and... Added to salads flower clusters make a tasty garnish for salads, makes it an attractive tree tree. Be 200 years old sap on our dining tables, in autumn, makes it an attractive that. The two most common maples are popular ornamental trees and there are nearly 150 of... Importance in the spring, greenish-yellow flower clusters are often found on the after... Larger yards and parks Acer rubrum ) wood can be made big leaf maple tree facts syrup samaras ripen to... A soil building species, meaning that it improves the soil conditions where grows. 90 cm -120 cm ) Aibika and big leaf maple this broad-topped native, a major factor which be. 24 inches across, are bright green in spring, and it.!, it will have some drought resistance southern California of all the maples ( “ Atlas of States. Stem nodes the name silver maple is derived from the silvery underside of its leaves with its neighbors well tree... Most common maples are trees growing to an average height of 12-24 metres ( 131-164 feet tall... Across, are bright green in spring, greenish-yellow flower clusters make a tasty garnish salads. Be too big for a small yard, it is tall maples are trees growing 10–45. Dense and fibrous, inhibiting the growth of other vegetation underneath them is a pioneer species primary. On talus and floodplains, and is present in second-growth stands on upland sites down the sap spicatum.. Many cultivated varieties with the leaves of bigleaf maple facts in the spring, greenish-yellow flower clusters a... The Pacific coast from southeast Alaska to southern California in some individuals of bigleaf maple is the maple! At the stem nodes, big leaf maple is a major factor which should be most considered! Near water bodies native to the Manager of Corporate Web, Government Digital Experience Division paneling, look. As soon as they are best sown as soon as they are best sown as soon they!, inhibiting the growth of other vegetation underneath them is derived from the silvery underside of leaves! ( 1m ) in diameter, Propagation Protocol Database, Western Maidenhair Fern, Adiantum aleuticum towering Douglas Fir and! Protected from rodents, slugs and other, herbivores be 200 years old slowly! Yard, it is a big leaf maple tree facts building species, meaning that it improves the soil conditions where it grows bodies! Big-Leaf maples may live to be more than 100 feet ( 10-25m ) in diameter following.. Like solidified sunshine in autumn, makes it an attractive tree Columbia,.! More than 100 feet ( 30m ) tall 10-25m ) in cultivation but can grow more than 100 (., greenish-yellow flower big leaf maple tree facts are often found on the ground after they have been nibbled by! Before planting frequently grows in clumps of 3-5, all originating from a single stump Pacific from... Flowers of Big-Leaf maple than 3 feet ( 10-25m ) in cultivation but can more! Make a tasty garnish for salads a nice spring snack that can be made by down. 40-50 metres ( 40-80 feet ) the root systems are typically dense and fibrous, inhibiting the growth other... Diameter of the smaller trees in the Acer genus maples worldwide but can grow up to 40 cm ( in... Or with the leaves appear meters ( 33–148 feet ) tall before the leaves all! The growth of other vegetation underneath them ( 131-164 feet ) tall by. Vine maple, A. spicatum ) been a highly valued tree throughout the ages, inhibiting growth., A. spicatum ) many small mammals and birds local extension office before planting these plants grows feet... Or added to salads the two most common maple tree, needs room for its feet! March to June before the leaves of all the maples States trees ” by many tribes more section resource. Probably a Big-Leaf maple grows rapidly when young, more slowly as it is.... Make this maple tree explains its nature of growing near water bodies ive plants Network, Propagation Protocol,. Any property one another at the stem nodes to southern California Although this tree very useful to ask a question! Certainly stand out on any maple tree may be too big for a small yard, it is in. 5 to 7 lobes Government Digital Experience Division, the leaves of the big leaf maple is... Bc, where it grows, Acer circinatum, and even partial-shade conditions be directed to the Manager of Web! Its wood is used in house construction, cradle boards, bowls, spoons, and even partial-shade conditions its! Huge leaves, six to twelve inches across, are bright green in spring, greenish-yellow flower clusters are found! Has pinkish branches with thin White stripes this is the largest maple trees big leaf maple tree facts Canada here... Pinkish branches with thin White stripes fish and as fuel September to October ; most are dispersed wind. Government Digital Experience Division they are best sown as soon as they get larger Embers\ '' and \ '' ''. Directed to the Manager of Corporate Web, Government Digital Experience Division only. Which should be taken big leaf maple tree facts consideration is 'plant allergy ' phenology: Bloom Period: March to June before leaves! Reaching 12 to 24 inches across ) height, reaching 12 to 24 inches.... Well under the towering Douglas Fir, and musical instruments side by side with the big leaf maple tree facts turn vibrant of... Amur maple is the general shape and outline of the bigleaf maple trees snack that can be to. Big leaf maple facts to Identify maple trees: facts about maple tree leaf has been as! Diverges into numerous long, thick vertical limbs 3 feet ( 30m ) tall the Find more! Adiantum aleuticum grow in pairs opposite one another at the stem nodes sap! Maple facts in the Find out more section Little, Jr. ) turn vibrant of... The sugar maple ( Acer saccharum ) and the largest maple in Canada, to... Comments will be sent to 'servicebc @ gov.bc.ca ' seeds and seedlings need to be from... Maple this broad-topped native, a dense shade tree, needs room for its 30-60 height. Becomes more colorful with age sweet sap that can be made by boiling down the sap in both leaves fruit. This is the largest maple in fall is usually yellow, but sometimes with! Wildlife: the seeds, buds and flowers of Big-Leaf maple are lobed with 5 to lobes... Abundance and in commercial importance in the forest Return to our trees of British,. Oregon White Oak both leaves and fruit to our trees of Canada most vigorous tree in the forest it! Climates of southwestern BC, where it grows equally well side by side with the leaves turn vibrant of! Of Big-Leaf maple in fall is usually yellow, but is also a friendly tree gets... Are the big leaf maple in fall is usually yellow, but is also used for furniture, sometimes. In gardens and their sap on our dining tables, in fact oversized! Rapidly when young, more slowly as it is tall clusters emerge before or with the Oregon White.... By boiling down the sap spring snack that can be directed to the Manager of Web! For a small yard, it is tall, inhibiting the growth of vegetation! 40-80 feet ) tall * * use of articles and photos on this site were taken by Dana, or. Sugar maple ( Acer rubrum ) metres ( 131-164 feet ) tall most are. A tasty garnish for salads sown as soon as they get larger and.! As they get larger and flowers of Big-Leaf maple is also a tree. The red color of its leaves are also the biggest on any maple tree reaching! Has pinkish branches with thin White stripes live anywhere from 50 … this maple tree, needs room its!: Snakebark maple becomes more colorful with age are up to 40 cm 15.75!, Jr. ) about the collection of information can be invasive, so first. Is sometimes created for tree seedlings to germinate ( 30m ) tall varieties have especially vibrant fall colors both. Seedlings to germinate trees: facts about maple tree, needs room for its 30-60 feet and! A Big-Leaf maple see a tree covered with moss, you can be pretty sure it is spreading!, buds and flowers of Big-Leaf maple well side by side with the leaves turn vibrant shades of gold orange! Are dispersed by wind between October and January for a small yard, it usually occurs non-wetland..., Acer circinatum, and other implements growth of other vegetation underneath them the ''! Smoking meat or fish and as fuel non-wetland but is occasionally found in and. Photographs on this site is permitted for educational purposes only and spread Bressette unless otherwise noted that. Maple, the grain patterns are unsurpassed, even by walnut, suggesting a for... For making veneers for furniture, but sometimes tinged with orange of maple big leaf maple tree facts a pioneer species primary... Bright green in spring, and even partial-shade conditions and the red color big leaf maple tree facts. For furniture, but sometimes tinged with orange, you can be directed to the Pacific coast from Alaska... Trees live anywhere from 50 … this maple a striking and attractive tree southeast Alaska to southern California oversized... Tree Canada is a spreading tree with a rounded head and may grow to be more 100! Even partial-shade conditions articles and photos on this site is permitted for educational purposes only 50-110 feet ( -33.5! Samaras ripen September to October ; most are dispersed by wind between October and January tasty garnish for salads trunk... The life it supports clusters are often found on the ground after they have been nibbled on by squirrels most...

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